How do I cite a Tweet in an academic paper?
Alexis Madrigal in the Atlantic online (March 2, 2012) offers this advice:
Citing a tweet:
1. Begin the entry in the Works Cited list with the author's real name and, in parentheses, user name (if both are known and they differ.) If the author's real name is not known, use only the user name.
2. Next provide the entire text of the tweet in quotation marks, without changing the capitalization [or punctuation if any.]
3. Conclude the entry with the date and time of the message and the medium of publication (Tweet).
Please note: The date and time stamp of a message on Twitter reflect the reader's time zone. Readers in different time zones see different times, and, possibly, dates on the same tweet. The date and time that were in effect for the writer of the tweet when it was transmitted are normally not known. Thus, the date and time displayed on Twitter are only approximated guides to the timing.
Here is Madrigal's example:
Athar, Sohaib (ReallyVirtual). "Helicopter hovering above Abbottabad at 1 AM (is a rare event)." 1 May 2011, 3:58 p.m. Tweet.