Q. Have Census Race Categories Changed Over Time?

Answered By: American University Librarians
Last Updated: Nov 16, 2018     Views: 31

Yes!  Take a look at this Pew Research Center Social and Demographic Trends site:
What Census Calls Us: A Historical Timeline   
How Census Race Categories Have Changed Over Time

Explore the different race, ethnicity and origin categories used in the U.S. decennial census, from the first one in 1790 to the latest count in 2010. The category names often changed in a reflection of current politics, science and public attitudes. For example, “colored” became “black,” with “Negro” and “African American” added later. The term “Negro” will be dropped for the 2020 census. Through 1950, census-takers commonly determined the race of the people they counted. From 1960 on, Americans could choose their own race. Starting in 2000, Americans could include themselves in more than one racial category. Before that, many multiracial people were counted in only one racial category.

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